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Guide to Colonial Zone and Dominican Republic

site map        Copyright © 2005 - 2016 All Rights Reserved. Colonial Zone-Dominican Republic (DR)
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LANGUAGE - More Important Spanish Words
Did you ever wonder how to type some words in Spanish?  Where are those funny letters and symbols? Wonder no longer. You can go into the set up of your computer and change the keyboard to any language you would like but then you have to figure out where all the letters are and that takes time. Here is our suggestion. Make a list of these and others you find. Put them where you can find them. I have mine taped to the side of the computer. This way you'll never be lost again. Also, you will look really intelligent when you type a word in Español and use the proper letter or symbol.

For example; to make the Ñ (nne) hold down the ALT key and type in the numbers 165. Let go of the ALT key and you should have Ñ. Remember to hold down the ALT key while you are entering the numbers. When you let go, walah!! You've got it.

ALT 130 = é                   ALT 163 = ú               ALT 168 = ¿
ALT 144 = É                   ALT 164 = ñ               ALT 173 = ¡
ALT 160 = á                   ALT 165 = Ñ               ALT 155 = ¢
ALT 161 = í                    ALT 126 = ~                ALT 171 = ½
ALT 162 = ó                 

This page list codes for accented letters and other characters. In order to use these codes, your computer keyboard should have a separate numeric keypad on the right (make sure it is unlocked). If it does not, then another method of inputting accents is recommended.      

Taino words are still in use in Dominican Republic and throughout the World.

The Taino Indians were some of the original habitants of the island of Hispaniola. When the Spanish arrived they adopted many of the indigenous peoples words into their own vocabulary. Many of these words are still used throughout the world today. Just think, you have been speaking the Taino language and you didn't even know it.

Arepa - corn tortilla or type of cornmeal bread or cake (Arepa recipe)
Barbacoa - a platform held aloft on legs. Used for
  many things but widely known to be a barbecue
  when it was used for cooking
Bohío - straw hut
Borinquen - land of the valiant, the Taino name for
  Puerto Rico
Boricua - people from Borinquen (Puerto Rico)
Hamaca - hammock
Huracán - hurricane
Cana - type of palm
Caiman - type of crocodile
Cacata - tarantula
Carey - sea turtle or tortoise
Cayo - small barren island
Cazabe - Cassaba bread (more info on cassava and yuca)
Chin - a small amount
Chinchilin - black bird
Cibao - land within mountains
Cojoba - loose tobacco
Cocuyo - firefly or lightening bug (in Dominican
    legend cocuyos are known as Nimitas)
Fututo - horn made with a snail or conch shell
Guacara - a cave
Guaraguao - a kind of hawk that eats small animals
Guano - type of palm
Guay - expression of pain (in Dominican Spanish they say
   "Guay mi Mai")
Higuaca - type of parrot
Hupia or Juipa - a spirit or ghost of the night
Iguana - big lizard
Jaiba - fresh water crab
Lambi - conch meat
Licei - brave and daring (the name of the baseball team)
Mabi - very popular fermented beverage
Macana - a policeman's stick (known as a Garrote in Spanish)
Macuto - a basket woven with palm or cane leaves
Manati - the sacred marine animal (more
   information and a picture and a link to the story of the Sirens)
Maní - peanuts
Maraca - musical instrument
Nagua (a city in DR) - breech cloth
Quisqueya -also spelt Kiskeya (it is the name given to this island by the natives) - mother of all lands
Sabana - large valley or plain
Sapo - type of frog
Tabacu' - Tobacco
Tureyro - sky
Yarey - type of palm

For Baseball terms in Spanish and their translations visit our baseball page.
Names of places and towns in Dominican Republic.

The towns/ barrios, cities/ cuidads, and streets/ calles and their English Translations.
Many times when you try to translate a word from any language to your own the idea is lost in the translation. Some words can end up to be quite funny when you use the literal English translations. Hope you get a little laugh like I did. Maybe when you come to visit you might want to pass through the towns named "The pool of flies" or "hanging dogs".

Ahorca los Perros - Hanging Dogs
Bajos de Haina - Haina Downs
Bocacanasta - Basket Mouth
Castañuelas - Little Castanet Town
Castillo - Castle Town
Correa y Cidrón - Belt and Big Sider
Dajabón - Give Soap
El Aguacate Adentro - The Inside Avocado
El Cachón de la Rubia - The Blondie's Big Crab
El Hoyo de Chulín - Little Gigolo's hole
El Peñón - The Big Rock
Elias Piña - Elias Pineapple
Enriquillo - Little Henry
Esperanza - Hope City
Francisco Villaespesa - Frank Thick Village
Jacinto de la Concha - Jason of the Shell Street
Jobo Bonito - Cute Plum
Juana Saltitopa - Jane Jump and Touch Street
La Cañada del Diablo - The Devil's Ravine
La Descubierta - The Discovered One
La Otra Banda - The Other Side
La Piscina de Moca - The Pool of Fly
Los Guandulitos - Little Slackers 
Las Matas de Farfán - Pharpham's Trees

Los Mameyes - The Orange Colors
Los Pepines - The Pickles
Los Tres Brazos - The Three Arms
Los Tres Ojos - The Three Eyes
Luis Cambiaso - Louis Big Change
Mano Guayabo - Guava Hand
Mata Barraco - Kill Pork
Matahambre - Kill Hunger
Monte Plata - Silver Mount
Mono Mojao - Wet Monkey
Padre Las Casas - Father the Houses
Sabana de la Mar - Sea Plain
Sabana Larga - Long Plain
Sabana Perdida - Lost Plain
Sabana Yegua - Mare Plain
Tamboril - Little Drums
Valverde - Green to Go
Villas Agrícolas - Farming Village
Villa Altagracia - High Thanks Village
Villa Consuelo - Consolation Village
Villa Faro - Lighthouse Village
Villa Francisca - Frances Village
Villa Juana - Jane Village

Cooking Terms
Here we have some cooking and baking terms if you are trying to follow a Spanish recipe. I'm sure there are many more but these are sure to help you when you try and follow a simple recipe.

a continuación - next
a punto de nieve - until stiff
agregue/agregar - add/ to add
al horno - baked
al gusto - to taste
albahaca - basil
albardilla - batter
amargo - bitter
amasada - mashed
añada/añadir - add/ to add
añadirlas - add
apagar - turn off
baje/ bajar - turn down/ to turn down
barbacoa - barbecue
batidora eléctrica - electric mixer
batir - to whisk
blanda - soft
caldo - broth
chaucha - vanilla bean
chorrito - dash
claras de huevo - egg whites
cocer al horno - bake
comedor - dining room
congelado - frozen
congelador - freezer
cortado en cuatro - quartered
cortar en cuadritos - dice
cuajar - curdle
cucharada - spoonful
cucharadita (cdta.) - teaspoon
cucharones - ladles
cuélelo - drain, sieve
derretida - melted
derrita/ derretir - melt/ to melt
deshebrar - to shred
dore/ dorar - brown/ to brown
enjuague/ enjuagar - rinse/ to rinse
entibiarse - room temperature
escaldar - scald
escoba - broom
escurrir - drain
espesar - to thicken
estofado - stew
exprimido/ exprimir - squeezed/ to squeeze
fregadero - kitchen sink
gabinete - cabinet
gaseosa - bubbly water
glasear - glaze
guarnición - garnish
hacer - puré
hasta que espese - until it gets thick
hervir - to boil
hervir - to simmer

hidratos de carbono - carbohydrates
hierba - herb
horno - oven
jengibre - ginger
jugoso - juicy
laurel - bay leaf
lavaplatos - dishwasher
libras - pounds
los demás - the rest
manteca vegetal - vegetable fat
mexcla/ mixclar - mix, mixture/ to mix
migas de pan - bread crumbs
mitad - half
molidas - crushed
molido - ground
nuez moscada - nutmeg
olla - saucepan, pot
papel de aluminio - aluminum foil
parrillada - barbecue
pedacitos - little bits, small pieces
pedazo grande - wedge
pelada/ pelar - peeled/ to peel
pequeños trozos - small pieces
perejil - parsley
pezado - piece
ponga/ poner - put/ to put
precalentar - to preheat
pulverizado - ground
punto de ebullición - boiling point
puré - puree
quemadas/ quemar - burnt/ burn
rallado - grated
rebanadas - slices
rellena - filled, stuffed
remojada - soaked
remover con energía - stir briskly
remover - to stir
revuelva - stir
rociando - basting
rodajas finas - thin slices
romero - rosemary
romper a hervir - to start boiling
saltear - sauté
sancochadas - boiled
sartén - frying pan
sazonar - season with salt
sazone/ sazonar - season/ to season
séquelos - dry them
siga removiendo - keep stirring
tapados/ tapar - covered/ to cover
taza para medir - measuring cup
taza - cup
yema - egg yolk


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