Category Archives: RESOURCES

All the information and resources you might need while visiting Dominican Republic.

National Symbols

The Flag of The Dominican Republic | The Dominican Flag Coat of Arms (Shield) | The Constitution of the Dominican Republic pertaining to the Flag and Shield states: | National Stone | National Music | National Flower | National Tree | National Bird

The Flag of The Dominican Republic / La Bandera de la República Dominicana

The Flag of The Dominican Republic / La Bandera de la República Dominicana

“The flag is the most sublime symbol of freedom and national sovereignty”

The Dominican Republic flag was officially adopted on November 6, 1844.

The blue and red are from the flag of Haiti, which once controlled the Dominican Republic. The white cross is a symbol of faith.

The colors of the flag have very special meanings. Rojo bermellón / vermilion red represents the blood shed by the liberators and heroes of the fatherland. Azul ultramar / ultramarine blue represents ideals of progress and liberty and that God protects the Dominican nation. The white cross is the symbol of the struggle for a free homeland, peace, the sacrifice and unity among all the Dominican people.

Modern descriptions of the colors state that the blue represents the sky. Red is the fire and bloodshed by the patriots and people in the struggle for freedom. White represents dignity, the peaceful character of the Dominicans and their dedication to peace.

The Escudo or Coat of Arms is centrally located in the white cross. The Dominican Republic flag is the only flag in the world with a symbol of a bible on it.

The merchant ensign flag is the same as the National Flag without the coat of arms and this flag is considered to be the civil flag.

Raising the flag at the Comandancia de Puerto de Santo Domingo

What is the pledge to the flag? Do you know the Dominican Republic National Anthem Quisqueyanos Valientes?

The Dominican Flag Coat of Arms (Shield) / El Escudo Dominicano

Escudo Nacional Republica Dominicana Dominican Republic Coat of Arms 2010. The new Coat of Arms adopted by constitutional law in 2010 with the bottom red ribbon flowing upward
The old version of the Dominican Republic Coat of Arms / Escudo Nacional Republica Dominicana with the red ribbon flowing downward.

*There have been at least 14 different shields that have been used on the Dominican Republic flag in the past. Casimiro N. De Moya designed the current shield. It was issued by the government of Monseñor Nouel and was adopted as the official shield in 1913.

*In 2010 the constitution was amended to make a rule on the form of the coat of arms as before no definite law existed. Article 32 (written below in Spanish with my English translation) states the bottom red ribbon faces upward. Thus many of the flags center shields are incorrect because their vermilion ribbon faces downward. You will notice that Parque Independencia coat of arms, as with many of the escudos in the country, is an old version of the coat of arms. Thanks Alexis for the updated information.

*The escudo has the same colors as the flag.

*The Bible is the center of the escudo and is open to the Gospel of St. John, Chapter Eight, Verse Thirty-Two (John 8:32) with a golden cross floating above.

*There are two empty spears and four others with the national flags. These four flags do not have the shield on them. These spears, or flagpoles, are located on either side of the central bible. (*I am trying to research as to exactly why there are six spears or poles and what they represent. When I find out if there is a reason I’ll add it)

*There is a laurel branch on the left side of the shield that represents immortality.

*The palm branch on the right represents Liberty.

*This is topped by a blue ribbon that symbolizes glory with the Trinitarian motto: DIOS, PATRIA, LIBERTAD / “God, Fatherland and Liberty (Freedom)”.

*The bottom ribbon is vermilion red with the words: Republica Dominicana (note that they did not use the “ú” in the word “República”)

Comparisons of the Escudos Nacional Republica Dominicana 1844 and 2010

Complete information about the flag in Spanish.

Here’s a link to see the banners of the Political Parties in the Dominican Republic

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic pertaining to the Flag and Shield states:

DISPOSICIONES GENERALES Artículos de la Constitución (updated 5/2012)

Artículos 32 (el artículo 32 modificado 2010) – El Escudo Nacional tiene los mismos colores de la Bandera Nacional dispuestos en igual forma. Lleva en el centro la Biblia abierta en el Evangelio de San Juan, capítulo 8, versículo 32, y encima una cruz, los cuales surgen de un trofeo integrado por dos lanzas y cuatro banderas nacionales sin escudo, dispuestas a ambos lados; lleva un ramo de laurel del lado izquierdo y uno de palma al lado derecho. Está coronado por una cinta azul ultramar en la cual se lee el lema “Dios, Patria y Libertad”. En la base hay otra cinta de color rojo bermellón cuyos extremos se orientan hacia arriba con las palabras “República Dominicana”. La forma del Escudo Nacional es de un cuadrilongo, con los ángulos superiores salientes y los inferiores redondeados, el centro de cuya base termina en punta, y está dispuesto en forma tal que resulte un cuadrado perfecto al trazar una línea horizontal que una las dos verticales del cuadrilongo desde donde comienzan los ángulos inferiores.

Rough translation (article 32 amended in 2010:The National Shield has the same colors as the National Flag arranged in the same way. The center Bible is opened to the Gospel of St. John, Chapter Eight, Verse Thirty-Two, with a cross above it that arises from a trophy composed of two lances and four national flags without a shield, arranged on both sides; a laurel branch takes the left side and a palm takes the right. It is topped by an ultramarine blue ribbon that reads the motto “God, Fatherland and Liberty”. On the base there is another red vermilion ribbon whose ends are directed upwards, reading the words “República Dominicana”. The shape of the national emblem is rectangular, with rounded corners protruding on the upper and lower points, the center of whose base is tapered, and is arranged so that is a perfect square by drawing a horizontal line joining the two vertical the rectangular from the bottom corners.)

ART. 95.- La bandera nacional se compone de los colores azul ultramar y rojo bermellón, en cuarteles alternados, colocados de tal modo que el azul quede hacia la parte superior del asta, separados por una cruz blanca del ancho de la mitad de la altura de un cuartel y que lleve en el centro el escudo de armas de la República. La bandera mercante es la misma que la nacional sin escudo.

Rough translation (article 95: The national flag is made up of the colors ultramarine blue and red vermilion, in alternation, separated into quarters in such a way that the blue one is towards the superior part of the spear, separated by a white cross the width being half the height of the quarter and that it has in the center the shield of arms of the Republic. The merchant flag is the same one that the national without the shield.)

ART. 96.- El escudo de armas de la República tendrá los mismos colores de la bandera nacional dispuestos en igual forma. Llevará en el centro el libro de los Evangelios, abierto, con una cruz encima surgiendo ambos entre un trofeo integrado por dos lanzas y cuatro banderas nacionales, sin escudo, dispuestas a ambos lados; llevará un ramo de laurel del lado izquierdo y uno de palma al lado derecho; estará coronado por una cinta azul ultramar en la cual se leerá el lema: Dios, Patria y Libertad, y en la base habrá otra cinta de color rojo bermellón con las palabras: República Dominicana. La forma del escudo nacional será de un cuadrilongo, con los ángulos superiores salientes y los inferiores redondeados, el centro de cuya base terminará en punta, y estará dispuesto en forma tal que si se traza una línea horizontal que una las dos verticales del cuadrilongo desde donde comienzan los ángulos inferiores, resulte un cuadrado perfecto.

Rough translation (article 96: The shield of arms of the Republic will have the same colors of the national flag in equal form. It will have in the center the book of Gospels, opened, with a cross lifted arising both between a trophy integrated by two lances and four national flags, without shield, arranged on both sides; it will alongside have a branch of laurel on the left side and one of palm on the right side; the top will be crowned by a blue tape in which the motto will be: God, Mother country and Freedom, and in the base another tape of the color red vermilion with the: Dominican Republic. The form of the national shield will be a perfect square, with the salient superior angles and the inferior ones cleared, the center of whose base it will finish at the end, and will be arranged in form so that if a horizontal line is drawn up the two verticals of cuadrilongo from where the inferior angles begin, is a perfect square. )

The Dominican Republic constitution in Spanish.

National Stone / Piedra Nacional


The National Stone of The Dominican Republic. A sample is of Dominican amber, Miocene epoch that is 23.8 to 5.3 million years old.

You can find more information about Dominican Republic amber.

National Music / Música Nacional


In 2014 Merengue was declared to be the music of the country. More information about Mernegue and some of the musicians who play this newly declared national music.

National Flower / La Flor Nacional

The Rose of Bayahibe / la Rosa de Bayahibe

Dominican Republic National Flower – The Rose of Bayahibe / La Flor Nacional – La Rosa de Bayahibe

The flower of the Caoba was the national flower as declared on July 16, 1957 by decree number 2944. There was always confusion about the national tree and flower and now it is clear. On July 12, 2011 la Rosa de Bayahibe was declared to be the National Flower.

Picture of la Rosa de Bayahibe from

National Tree / Árbol Nacional

The Mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni) / La Caoba

National Tree of Dominican Republic – Caoba Tree

There was always confusion about the national tree and flower and now it is clear. As of July 2011 Dominican Republic finally has their national tree. On July 12, 2011 President Leonel Fernandez passed the Law 146-11, which designates the Mahogany tree to be the new official tree of Dominican Republic.

National Tree of Dominican Republic – Caoba Tree Flower

National Bird / Ave Nacional

Palm Chat / Cigua Palmera (Dulus dominicus)

National Bird of the Dominican Republic –
Palm Chat / Ave Nacional – Cigua Palmera

This cute little songbird is found on the island of Hispaniola. It adapts easily to all areas of the country and can be found in abundance.

The Palm Chat prefers to be where there are many palm trees (this is where they got their name). They are communal birds. The nests are large, messy and usually found in large groups or communities. The nests can usually be found in the tops of Royal Palms or atop any other high spot when the palm tree is not available.

A Palm Chat / Cigua Palmera nest high in the tree top.

They lay spotted greyish purple eggs, usually 2 to 4, from March to June.

The song of the Palm Chat is quite loud with constant singing and squawking as they communicate with other birds.

Palm Chats are about 8 inches in length. They have an olive-brown creamy color on top and streaked with brown on the bottom. Their backside and the edges of their feathers are a dark yellow-green. They have large yellow bills and rust colored eyes.

Newspapers – Periódicos

Dominican Newspapers – Periódicos Dominicanos

7 Periódico de Digital que por todo el país / Digital newspaper for the entire country Tú marcas la diferencia / You make the difference

Acontecer Especializado en Noticias Económicas y Energéticas / Specializing in Economics and Finance News

Al Noticias en la red al instante! / The news on the internet in an instant!

Bajo Techo Digital – Información al mas alto nivel / The highest level of information

Cuidad a informar sobre acontecimientos en Cuidad Oriental / to inform on events in Cuidad Oriental

Police reading the morning newspaper on the Malecon.

Diario “Periodismo con valor” / “Journalism with value”

Diario Especializado en informaciones económicas, políticas y sociales / Specializing in economic, political and social information

Diario Noticias Dominicanas / Dominican News

Diario Su diario en la República Dominicana / Your Newspaper in Dominican Republic

Diario Periódico Digital Super TV55 / Digital Newspaper from Super TV 55

Diario Digital Noticias República Dominicana / News of Dominican Republic

Dominican Digital News of Dominican Republic in many languages

Dominican English language online news publication in the Dominican Republic – Daily news and active forum in English

El Caribe El portal informativo de la República Dominicana / The informative portal of the Dominican Republic

El Castrense Temas de Seguridad Nacional/ National security issues.

El Periodico de República Dominicana / News from Dominican Republic

El Nuevo Noticias de República Dominicana diariamente / News of Dominican Republic Daily

El Quisqueyano Periódico del país y del mundo. Vocero de las comunidades, que los periódicos tradicionales no recogen por estar muy apartadas o porque sus noticias no tienen la relevancia que ellos requieren./ Newspaper of the country and the world. Spokesman for communities that do not include traditional newspapers for being too remote or because their news not have the relevance they require. Promover el eliminación de actitudes raciales y discriminatorias en las relaciones dominico-haitiano / Promote the elimination of racial attitudes and discrimination in the relations Dominican-Haitian

Hoy El más leído en la red Dominicana / The most read in the Dominican Republic internet

Impacto Primer diario electronico exclusivo de beisbol de la República Dominicana / First exclusive electronic newspaper of baseball of the Dominican Republic.

Las Principales Dominican digital news instantly.

Listen El diario más completo de la República Dominicana / The most complete news in the Dominican Republic

Noticias Noticias e informacion actualizada varias veces por dia / News and information updated throughout the day La verdad siempre / The truth always

Proceso Digital Dominican Digital Newspaper updated 24 hours. News, economy, sports, politics and culture.

RD Noticias de Republica Dominicana actualizadas varias veces al dia / News from Dominican Republic updated throughout the day

Tecla Libre .com Periodismo Ciudadano / Citizen Journalism

Tribuna “El periódico que dice lo que otros callan por complicidad o cobardía” / “The newspaper that says what others will not talk about by complicity or cowardice”

Arte, Cultura y Sociedad Información / Art, Cultural and Society Information

Diario Social Toda la vida en la red / All the life in the network

Periódicos de otro provincias en República Dominicana/ News from other towns in Dominican Republic Noticias de San Juan de la Maguana / News from San Juan de la Maguana

Bavaro News El primer periodico de Punta Cana-Bavaro / The First Newspaper from Punta Cana-Bavaro

Costa Verde Rio San Juan, Cabrera, Gaspár Hernández., Nagua de la Norte / News from the North of Dominican Republic

El Periodico informativo de San Francisco de Macoris y el Nordeste / Informative News from San Francisco de Macoris and the North East

El Diario de la Frontera Noroeste / News from the northeast frontier

POP Regional News and Travel Information from Puerto Plata & the North Coast in English

Spanish newspapers from other parts of the world

BBC Noticias de BBC en español / News from BBC in Spanish

Holiday Calendar 2018

Holiday Calendar of Dominican Republic 2018 / Días Feriados 2018

Holidays – The Minister of Work announced the calendar for the celebration of the holidays for the year 2018 according to the law 139-97 / Días Festivos – El Ministerio de Trabajo anuncia el calendario para la celebración de los días feriados para el año 2018, establecidos en la Ley 139-97.

January/ Enero

1 – Monday – New Year’s Day / Año Nuevo
6 – Monday – Día de los Santos Reyes Magos – Epifania / Three Kings Day – Epiphany (what is 3 Kings Day?)
12 – Friday – Día de la Resistencia Heroica/ Day of Heroic Resistance (this is the first year for this day to honor the men and women who fought for a fairer society)
15 – to End of March – Whale Watching (the best place to observe is the Samana Bay)
16 – Friday – Chinese New Year (celebrations for the Year of the Dog in China Town)
21 – Sunday – Our Lady of Altagracia Day / Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia. (more information on Altagracia and a photo slide show of the Basilica de Higuey)
29 – Monday – Duarte Day celebrated. Juan Pablo Duarte was born on the 26th.(more information on Duarte).

February/ Febrero

1 thru 28 Las Fiestas de Carnaval Dominicano / Dominican Carnival Parties Carnival Dominicano/ Dominican Carnival celebrations happen all month. The weekends are when different communities hold their parades and celebrations. Usually the ultimate parade on the Malecon in Santo Domingo with the best of the best is held the first Sunday in March.
14 – Miércoles de Ceniza / Ash Wednesday – The first day of Lent
14 – Wednesday – Día de San Valentín / Valentine´s Day
25 – Sunday/ Domingo The big Carnival Parade on the Malecon in Santo Domingo.
27 – Tuesday – Día de la Independencia / Independence Day – Día de la Bandera / Flag Day. Dominicans celebrate February 27, 1844 as their Independence Day. This the day the country declared its independence again and retook the name República Dominicana (Dominican Republic). A constitution modeled on that of the United States was put forth in November 1844.

March/ Marzo

26 – Domingo de Ramos / Palm Sunday
30 – Viernes Santo / Good Friday (long weekend from Thursday the 29th to Sunday April 1st)

Good Friday / Viernes Santo Procession in Colonial Zone

April/ Abril

1 – Sunday – one of the biggest vacation times here. How do Dominicans celebrate Easter / Semana Santa? Read all about it.
1 – Sunday – Domingo de Pascua – Semana Santa / Easter
30 – Monday – Día del Trabajo / Labor Day (official day May 1st) (long weekend from Friday, April 27th to Monday the 30th)

May/ Mayo

27 – Sunday – Mother’s Day. (Always falls on the last Sunday in May)
The dates of all the Patronales/ Patron Saints celebrations are on the Patron Saint Celebrations Page.
31 – Thursday – Corpus Christi Day

June/ Junio

July/ Julio

29 – Sunday – Father’s Day (Always falls on the last Sunday in July)

August/ Agusto

16 – Friday – Restoration Day/ Día de Restauración (more information on Restoration Day)

September/ Septiembre

24 – Monday – Día de las Mercedes / Our Lady of Mercedes Day.(more information on Las Mercedes)

October / Octobre

8 – Monday – Día de Colón / Columbus Day

Calle el Conde, Zona Colonial, Día de la Constitución.

November/ Noviembre

7 – Monday – Día de la Constitución / Constitution Day (official date is the 6th but changed to make for a long weekend)

December/ Decembre

25 – Tuesday – Día de Navidad / Christmas Day (How Dominicans celebrate Christmas)
31 – Monday – New Years Eve (New Year traditions)
The dates of all the Patronales/ Patron Saints celebrations are on the Patron Saint Celebrations Page.

Navidad decorations at the Palacio Consistoral.

Be aware that on the long weekends the cities usually empty out as most people head to the beaches or the country. Hotels are usually booked to capacity with Dominicans enjoying the long weekends. The highways in and out of the city can be very congested with people coming and going.

How To Say Months and Days In Spanish


Monday / Lunes | Tuesday / Martes | Wednesday / Miércoles | Thursday / Jueves | Friday / Viernes | Saturday / Sábado | Sunday / Domingo