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Parque Independencia

Parque Independencia / Independence Park

Parque Independencia is a must-visit when you are exploring the oldest city in the Americas, especially if you are interested in the history of the Dominican people and their fight for freedom. The park houses the Altar de la Patria. Home of the mausoleum for the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, Juan Pablo Duarte and Ramón Matías Mella.

Bastión de San Genaro | Puerta del Conde | Entering The Gate | Plaza at Parque Independencia | Pedro Alejandrino Piña | Dona Manuela Díez de Duarte | Punto Zero | Altar de la Patria | Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos | Location |

The wall and gate of the Bastión de San Genaro now known as Parque Indepencencia, Dominican Republic
The wall and gate of the Bastión de San Genaro now known as Parque Indepencencia

Bastión de San Genaro

Original map of Santo Domingo published in 1755 with Puerta del Conde circled.
Original map of Santo Domingo published in 1755 with Puerta del Conde circled.

Bastión de San Genaro(¹), the original name of this part of the wall, was built in 1543. It is typical of the 17th century built Italian style. Its purpose was to defend the city from a sneak attack by land along with its connecting Fuerte la Concepcion. The wall that this gate is built into ran all the way down to the sea and included the Puerta de la Misericordia. You can also see what remains of the protection moat that surrounded the walled city of Santo Domingo.

(¹)Bastion or bulwark – A projecting part of a fortification built at an angle to the line of a wall, so as to allow defensive fire in several directions. If you look at the map of Santo Domingo you can see the triangle-shaped bastion.

Parque Independencia 1912
Parque Independencia 1912

Independence Park / Parque Independencia was converted to a park in 1912 when Architect Antonin Nechodoma did a redesign. This design later made way for the Altar de la Patria. The road that ran through the center of the park was closed and benches added.

Puerta del Conde 1908 view from Calle el Conde, then named Calle de la Separación
Puerta del Conde 1908 view from Calle el Conde, then named Calle de la Separación

Puerta del Conde

The gate Puerta del Conde is named after El Conde de Peñalve / Count of Peñalva, Bernardo de Meneses y Bracamonte. He was the Captain General of the walled city of Santo Domingo. He saved the city, along with his men, from the British invaders during the Siege of Santo Domingo. Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables led this battle. The Count ordered the wall to be modified and this work was completed in 1655.

On February 27, 1844 Puerta del Conde became the national symbol of Dominican patriotism when Francisco del Rosario Sanchez raised the first Dominican flag. It was here that the heroes of the country overtook the Haitian government and retook the city for their own thus reclaiming their Independence.

The entrance to Parque Independencia showing the inscription above the gate.
The entrance to Parque Independencia showing the inscription above the gate.

Above this gate at the beginning of the Conde Street reads the Latin inscription “ìDulce et Decori est pro patria moriî” translated “It is indeed sweet and honorable to die for the fatherland.”

On February 27, 1933 Rafael Leonidas Trujillo ordered the name of the gate be changed. He changed the official name to the Door of February 27 / Puerta de 27 de Febrero. The Dominican people still call this symbol or patriotism Puerta el Conde. This gate symbolizes the ideals of freedom of the Dominican Republic.

The Puerta del Conde with the Escudo Nacional Dominicano / National Shield of Dominican Republic
The Puerta del Conde with the Escudo Nacional Dominicano / National Shield of Dominican Republic

In 1943 Trujillo ordered the remains of the three founding fathers of the Dominican Republic to be moved from the Chapel of the Immortals / Capilla de los Immortales in the Catedral of Santo Domingo. Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sanchez and Ramon Matias Mella had a new resting place.

Today the walls surrounding Independence Park serve as a place for temporary exhibitions placed by the Ministry of Culture. There are always interesting exhibits that display a variety of literary, artistic and historical events.

Entering The Gate

The guarded gate Door of the Count / Puerta del Conde or Door of February 27 / Puerta de 27 de Febrero is the entrance to the old walled city of Santo Domingo now known as Colonial Zone / Zona Colonial.

The catwalk atop the walls and entrance to the city of Santo Domingo
The catwalk atop the walls and entrance to the city of Santo Domingo

Above the gate is a catwalk that was used for guards to keep their watchful eyes open around the entrance to the city.

The Guardia Nacional / National Guard watching the Puerta del Conde at Parque Independencia
The Guardia Nacional / National Guard watching the Puerta del Conde at Parque Independencia

As you enter the gate, flanked by uniformed guards called the Guardia Nacional, you will really be leaving the original walled city of Santo Domingo. You are now outside the original protection that existed in the colonial days.

This gate to Fort San Genaro was the main way in and out of the city of Santo Domingo. The walls of defense that surrounded the city were very important for protection, especially these land access gates. They protected the city of Santo Domingo from any attacks coming by land including roving bands of marauders and those sneaky pirates.

The original moats that surrounded the city walls
The original moats that surrounded the city walls

As with many of these important military installations they used moats for protection. Here you can see a triangular shaped moat / foso running towards what is now San Carlos. These fosos were used to protect the west along with several guard booths / garitas. Now, there are stairs where you can descend into the moat and shaded tunnels that were once filled with water that are below the park’s walkways.

Plaza at Parque Independencia

After walking through the Puerta del Conde / Gate of the Count you will see the Alley of Heroes. The interior Plaza at Parque Independencia was remodeled and opened to the public on February 27, 2017 on Independence Day.

The Alley of Heros has the busts of 34 national heroes lining either side of the plaza. The busts are made of reinforced fiberglass with a bronze patina. They are 90 centimeters high sitting atop a pyramid shaped base that is covered in coral stone.

The busts of National Heroes line the entrance to Parque Independencia
The busts of National Heroes line the entrance to Parque Independencia

These busts include the 7 women and 27 men who helped to make Dominican Republic’s independence and restoration a reality. The busts include The Trinitarians: Juan Isidro Pérez, Pedro Alejandrino Pina, Félix María Ruiz, José María Serra de Castro, Juan Nepomuceno Ravelo, Benito González, Jacinto de la Concha and Felipe Alfau. The Independentistas: General Antonio Duvergé, Vicente Celestino Duarte, General José Joaquín Puello, Admiral Juan Alejandro Acosta, María Trinidad Sánchez, Chepita Pérez de la Paz, María Baltasara de los Reyes, Manuela Díez, Rosa Duarte, Juana Saltitopa, Concepción Bona and Francisco Antonio Salcedo. The Restauradores: Generals Gregorio Luperón and Gaspar Polanco, Pepillo Salcedo, Pedro Antonio Pimentel, Santiago Rodríguez, José María Cabral, Benito Monción, José Cabrera and Timoteo Ogando. There are also the busts of José Contreras, Manuel Rodríguez Objío, Benigno Filomeno de Rojas, Ulises Francisco Espaillat and Pedro Francisco Bonó.

Also included in the Plaza are 2 pyramid-shaped pillars. These pillars describe the plaza and the history of the country’s independence and restoration. A plaque honors the heroism of General Luperon during the war of restoration in 1865.

Pedro Alejandrino Piña

You can see the backside of the bust of Pedro Alejandrino Piña
You can see the backside of the bust of Pedro Alejandrino Piña

Closest to the wall is a bust of Pedro Alejandrino Piña. He was a writer and one of the nine members who formed The Trinitarian / La Trinitaria for the patriotism who fought for the freedom of the Dominican people. When the group began public protests against Haitian rule in 1843, he was exiled to Curacao with Duarte and Pérez. He returned with Duarte in 1844 when Independence was achieved, but both were again sent to exile in Venezuela the following year when Santana took power. He returned to the DR again to fight the French attempted takeover, the restoration war against the Spanish and the attempted annexation by the USA. He was an influential politician until his death.

Dona Manuela Díez de Duarte

The statue of Dona Manuela Díez de Duarte, the mother of founding father Juan Pablo Duarte
The statue of Dona Manuela Díez de Duarte, the mother of founding father Juan Pablo Duarte

There is also a statue of a beautiful woman looking so calm and gentle and a little forlorn. Holding this distinguished position is Dona Manuela Díez de Duarte, the mother of the Founding Father Juan Pablo Duarte.

Manuela was born in Santa Cruz del Seybo June 27, 1786. She married Juan Jose Duarte in 1800 probably in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. They had eight children: Vicente Celestino, Juan Pablo, Filomena, Rosa, María Francisca, Manuel, Ana María y Sandalia. She occupies a distinguished position in the select group of Women of the Independence. Manuela offered her home to be used for secret meetings of the Trinitaria. She even sold some of her property to purchase weapons for the fight for independence. She died in Caracas, Venezuela on December 31, 1858.

The quiet and tranquil park interior
The quiet and tranquil park interior

If you walk straight ahead you will see the Altar of the Patriots with its glowing shield atop the tall entrance. It is surrounded by water making it a small island at the back of the park. There are 4 walkway bridges leading to the centrally located marble monument.

Punto Zero

The Punto Cero compass where all points in the country are measured from.
The Punto Cero compass where all points in the country are measured from.

Be sure to pay attention as to not trip over the raised bronze sculpture in the center of the walkway. This is a 32 point star compass. It is told that from this compass is measured all points of the country. Here marks kilometer 0 / kilómetro cero.

Altar de la Patria

The Altar de la Patria also known as Tumba de los Padres de la Patria / Tomb of the Patriarchs located in Parque Independencia
The Altar de la Patria also known as Tumba de los Padres de la Patria / Tomb of the Patriarchs located in Parque Independencia

Altar of the Nation / Altar de la Patria also known as Tumba de los Padres de la Patria / Tomb of the Patriarchs of the Country or more simply the National Mausoleum.

In 1943 Trujillo ordered the remains of the three founding fathers of the Dominican Republic be moved from the Chapel of the Immortals / Capilla de los Immortales in the Catedral of Santo Domingo. Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Ramon Matias Mella had a new resting place.

The existing Altar de la Patria was designed by architect Cristian Martinez Villanueva and built in 1976 when the park was restored. The new monument made of white marble looms in the center of the park with the bright shining National Shield / Escudo Nacional above its door. This beautiful building is a fitting memorial for the heroes and Founding Fathers of the Dominican Republic.

This unique building is surrounded by water making it a small island at the back of the park. There are 4 walkway bridges leading to the centrally located marble monument.

The resting place of the founding fathers of Dominican Republic. Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sanchez, and Ramon Matias Mella
The resting place of the founding fathers of Dominican Republic. Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sanchez, and Ramon Matias Mella

Within this marble structure Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sanchez, and Ramon Matias Mella bodies are interred. A solid marble slab covers each of the 3 founding fathers’ tombs. The large mesmerizing statues of these patriots, carved by Italian sculptor Nicholas Arrighini, stand proud at the head of their tombs.

The eternal flame that burns inside the Altar of the Nation / Altar de la Patria
The eternal flame that burns inside the Altar of the Nation / Altar de la Patria

In the center of the marble shrine burns the eternal flame that is kept lit in memory of the patriots. There are usually flowers and wreaths lovingly placed around the statues to honor the national heroes. The mausoleum is open from 8:30 to 6 daily.

Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos

Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de la Revolución de Abril de 1965
Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de la Revolución de Abril de 1965

Outside of the park on the left side is a small fenced off area called Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de la Revolución de Abril de 1965. Un homenaje del pueblo dominicano a los Héroes y Mártires de la guerra patria De 1965 / Fallen Patriot Square of the Revolution April 1965. A tribute to the Dominican people and the heroes and martyrs of the Patriotic War of 1965.

Note – You do not need a guide to take you through the park so do not be fooled. If you want a guide they are available at the park. Do make sure you agree on a price beforehand.

The exterior of Parque Independencia along Calle Palo Hincado.
The exterior of Parque Independencia along Calle Palo Hincado.

Location

Parque Independencia, Palo Hincado and Calle el Conde, Colonial Zone, Santo Domingo. The roads surrounding the park are Avenida Independencia, Ave. Bolívar, Palo Hincado, Arzobispo Nouel, Mariano Cesteros. Calle el Conde lines up a direct path to the front gate.

Park hours are from 8:30 to 6 daily.

Museo La Resistencia Dominicana / Dominican Resistance Museum

Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana / Memorial Museum of the Dominican Resistance

The Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana logo
The Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana logo

“The Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana is an educational tool to present the legacy of Dominicans for the present and future generations a world of union of a society based on the culture of Peace, tolerance, truth, justice and respect for rights. / The Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana es una herramienta educativa sobre el legado de los dominicanos a las presentes y futuras generaciones del mundo en su consolidación de una sociedad basada en la cultura de la Paz, la tolerancia, la verdad, la justicia y el respeto a los derechos.”

Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana / Memorial Museum of the Dominican Resistance, Ciudad Colonial, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana
Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana / Memorial Museum of the Dominican Resistance, Ciudad Colonial, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana

The museum has an amazing collection of historical learning tools and information about the horrific era of the reign and Presidency of General Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina. It has the most complete collection of the story of this terrible time in Dominican history. It is a learning experience for all ages. The museum also has many special events for adults and children. Check their FaceBook page for information.

School children visiting the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana
School children visiting the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana

You will learn about the moving and informative history of those who gave their lives to fight against the dictatorship Trujillo. The strong men and women who became martyrs to keep this country free.

Fundamental Human Rights for freedom / Derechos Humanos fundamentales para la libertad
Fundamental Human Rights for freedom / Derechos Humanos fundamentales para la libertad

The audio tour which is included in the entry price helps to explain all the history that you will see. There is much text to read so make sure you have lots of time to spend because you will want to read, watch the videos and many of the items from this.

There is so much to learn about the recent history of Dominican Republic at the Memorial Museum of the Dominican Resistance.
There is so much to learn about the recent history of Dominican Republic at the Memorial Museum of the Dominican Resistance.

The Rooms

There are many different rooms to explore inside the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana. Some of these rooms include interactive displays, robots, animated characters and original items from the era.

These rooms include:

*The history of the brave Gavilleros.
*The true facts of the Haitian Genocide that Trujillo initiated “to cleanse the race.”
*History of the expeditions that were formed with the aim of overthrowing the Trujillo regime.
*Learn about the complacency of the Church and the rupture between the Church and the Government.
*Expeditions of Constanza, Maimon and Estero Hondo and the brave men and women who fell for Dominican freedom and democracy.
*Mirabal Sisters Murder where Minerva Mirabal is presented in a hologram where Minerva she narrates one of her most moving speeches advocating the fight for democracy, accompanied by her two sisters, Patria and María Teresa.
*Trujillo’s execution room shows a recreation of the place where Trujillo fell when he was executed and includes a video of interviews of those who participated in the act.
*Clandestine Movement June 14 and the animated robot of Manolo Tavárez Justo making his moving speech.
*Interesting information about the Guerra de Abril de 1965
*Sala Balaguer displays information of Balaguer’s 12 years in power.
*Sala de Tortura / Torture room, or La 40 displays many of the objects that were used during Trujillos’ tyranny to torture those who opposed the regime. Included in the collection is the electric baton, videos and a model of what was the fearsome prison including the electric chair.

Torture devices and the electric chair at the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana
Torture devices and the electric chair at the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana
Torture devices and the electric chair at the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana

Information:

Hours: 9:30 AM to 6:00 PM – Closed Monday

Location: From Calle el Conde turn towards the sea (south) on Calle Sanchez or Calle Jose Reyes. Walk 1 block to Arz. Nouel.

Arzobispo Nouel 210, Ciudad Colonial, Santo Domingo, Republica Dominicana

Contact: 809-688-4440

The interior patio of the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana is for rent to hold events
The interior patio of the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana is for rent to hold events

Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana Website – https://www.museodelaresistencia.com/

Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/Museo-Memorial-de-la-Resistencia-Dominicana-142853769137872/

Museo de Atarazanas / Museum of Shipyards

Museo de las Reales Atarazanas (MAR) / Museum of Royal Shipyards

The Museo de Atarazanas is a unique Museum of the Sea. This amazing museum in the Colonial City gives visitors an insight into how it really was for those brave and daring sailors that crossed the Atlantic Ocean in search of wealth and adventure.

The entrance to the Museo de las Reales Atarazanas (MAR)
The entrance to the Museo de las Reales Atarazanas (MAR)

The Building

The building originally was part of the warehouses / atarazanas of the Spanish Crown / Corona Española. Here the goods entering the island were received and stored in this and the surrounding buildings. This area was the center of the mercantile activities of the island.

Construction of the building 16th Century colonial building started around 1509. It was built in different stages. The Gothic-style building with its stone columns, Romanesque barrel vaults, and clay brick walls was thought to have been completed in 1544.

The Museum

The Museo de las Reales Atarazanas tells the story of Spanish galleons, captains and their crew. You can see how these courageous men lived and died on those Spanish galleons and ships that for centuries sailed the seas of the world.

Scale model of the Spaniard ship Our Lady of Guadalupe, Museo de las Atarazanas Reales
Scale model of the Spaniard ship Our Lady of Guadalupe, Museo de las Atarazanas Reales

The start of the shipwrecks first recorded was on December 25, 1492, when Admiral Christopher Columbus turned over control of the ship Santa María to his cabin boy to sleep and the ship ran aground soon after.

Display of the Santa Maria ship at Atarazanas Reales Museum, Ciudad Colonial Santo Domingo
Display of the Santa Maria ship at Atarazanas Reales Museum, Ciudad Colonial Santo Domingo

The Museo de Atarazanas includes historical information of many hundreds of shipwrecks that occurred along the coast of Hispaniola. The island was a strategic center for exploration during the15th and 19th centuries. But the coastline is rough and there were also many powerful storms that hit, making the entire coast a gigantic marine cemetery.

Jewels rescued from shipwrecks at Atarazanas Reales Museum
Jewels rescued from shipwrecks at Atarazanas Reales Museum

There is a selection of the thousands of valuable artifacts that have recovered from the sea. The collection includes jewels, coins, ingots, cannons and more. Included in the collection are the remains of two artillery pieces from Ovando’s fleet.

Mexican silver coins rescued from a shipwreck in the coast of Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic
Mexican silver coins rescued from a shipwreck in the coast of Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

A very interesting display has a selection of jewelry, coins, ceramics and weights found in a Spanish shipwreck in Punta Cana, also from the 16th century. There is a spectacular display of objects from the galleon Nuestra Señora de la Limpia y Pura Concepción (crashed into the Dominican reefs on October 30, 1641) made up of jewelry, precious stones and Ming ceramics.

A digital map of Spanish fortifications during the early exploration of the Americas
A digital map of Spanish fortifications during the early exploration of the Americas

A digital map shows the fortifications of the Spanish during the early exploration of the Americas.

Full-scale replica of the first and second cannon batteries of the galleon Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (18th century), Museo de las Atarazanas Reales
Full-scale replica of the first and second cannon batteries of the galleon Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (18th century), Museo de las Atarazanas Reales

The Museum of Royal Shipyards invites visitors to interact with history. There are many interactive displays and learning tools. One of the most interesting parts of the museum is a full-scale replica of two batteries of an actual colonial ship. You can experience the sounds and scents of the sea.

All the items listed above and so many wonderful items are included in the collection that is part of the Laboratory of Undersea Cultural Patrimony at the new Museo de las Reales Atarazanas. The museum is financed with a loan from the Inter-American Development Bank and is the work of the architects Wilfredo Feliz and Alexy Cordones. The newly remodeled Museo de las Reales Atarazanas (MAR) was inaugurated on December 12, 2019.

Information

Location: Calle Atarazanas and Calle Colón on the corner of Vicente Celestino Duarte in front of the Puerta Atarazana. The street can be accessed by going down the staircase from Plaza España at the Alcázar Colón. Zona Colonial, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Hours:
Tuesday to Saturday from 9 am to 5 pm.

Cost (12-2019): US$7 for foreigners and RD$200 pesos for residents
MITUR rose the bar to another level
6 pm 12/12/2019 inauguran el modernizado , creo q lo abren al público la próxima semana (martes 17).

Contact: (829) 545-1548

Interior pictures by Mariordo (Mario Roberto Durán Ortiz) https://commons.wikimedia.org

Reference:
Diario Libre